HCV is a bloodborne virus transmitted through direct contact with the blood of an infected person or, in some cases, through sexual contact. This means that 50%–90% of HIV-infected injection drug users also have HCV. HCV is one of the most important causes of chronic liver disease in the U.S., and HCV infection progresses more rapidly to liver damage in people living with HIV. Living with both HIV and HCV more than triples the risk for liver disease, liver failure and liver-related death. HCV infection may also impact the course and management of HIV infection.
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While there is no vaccine for HCV, there is a cure. If you have been diagnosed with HCV, your medical professional can provide you with this treatment. Treatment for HCV coinfection with viral hepatitis may also complicate the treatment and management of HIV infection. HCV infection is often serious in people with HIV infection and may lead to liver damage more quickly.
Sources: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1) (2)